How to Prevent and Manage Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
According to the CDC, Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how the body turns food into sugar. Often, Diabetes is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood.
If Diabetes is not treated on time, it can damage blood vessels and nerves that control the heart rhythm, increasing the risk for heart disease. Diabetes can also cause injury to the kidney, feet, eyes, and mouth if left untreated. It can often lead to death.
There are Three Main Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) An autoimmune reaction that stops the body from producing insulin. Insulin is essential in normalizing blood sugar levels. Thus, insulin therapy is required.
Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) Develops over time as a cause of poor lifestyle and dietary choices. It can be prevented or delayed by making healthier dietary and lifestyle modifications.
Gestational Diabetes This occurs in women who are pregnant that did not previously have Diabetes. This raises their risk for type 2 diabetes, increasing the baby’s risk of becoming obese, and developing type 2 diabetes.
You Can Prevent Diabetes By:
Incorporate healthier food options into your daily diet. Include whole grains, a variety of fruits and vegetables, and lean sources of protein. For assistance with portion control and resources for healthier meals, visit www.myplate.gov.
Incorporating Physical Activity
Incorporate at least 30 daily minutes of any form of physical activity to help our bodies burn off extra sugar.
Reducing Sugar Intake
If you are already at risk for Type 2 Diabetes or suffer from Obesity, consider reducing your daily sugar intake. Daily drinks such as soda or juice may contain more sugar than you are aware of. Monitor sugar intake and replace sugary drinks with water or sparkling water.
CDC - National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)
If you, or anyone you know, have been diagnosed with Prediabetes, additional resources can be found at the CDCs Diabetes Prevention Program website.
The Diabetes Prevention Program offers a test on their website that can determine if you are at risk of Prediabetes and has an array of services, including support groups and meal plans that can assist with weight loss and reduced sugar intake.
If you would like to discuss your risk for diabetes or have any questions regarding diabetes, please contact your primary care physician or your nutritionist.